Mental confusion, change in the level of alertness, or coma (hepatic encephalopathy)
Other complications of liver cirrhosis
When to Contact a Medical Professional
If you have ascites, call your health care provider right away if you have:
Fever above 100.5°F (38.05°C), or a fever that does not go away
Blood in your stool or black, tarry stools
Blood in your vomit
Bruising or bleeding that occurs more easily
Build-up of fluid in your belly
Swollen legs or ankles
Confusion or problems staying awake
Yellow color in your skin and whites of your eyes (jaundice)
Garcia-Tsao G. Cirrhosis and its sequelae. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 156.
Runyon BA. Ascites and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger & Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2010:chap 91.
Runyon BA; AASLD Practice Guidelines Committee. Management of adult patients with ascites due to cirrhosis: Update 2012. American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. 2013.
Jenifer K. Lehrer, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Frankford-Torresdale Hospital, Aria Health System, Philadelphia, PA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.