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Intestinal leiomyoma

Definition

A leiomyoma is a noncancerous (benign) tumor made up mostly of smooth muscle cells. It is called an intestinal leiomyoma when the tumor is located in the intestinal tract. Usually, these tumors cause no symptoms, and they are found when a person has an upper GI endoscopy or colonoscopy for another reason. Rarely, these tumors can cause bleeding, obstruction or perforation of the gastrointestinal tract. If this happens, the tumor will need to be surgically removed.

Alternative Names

Leiomyoma - intestine

References

Gourtsoviannis N, Papanikolaou N, Daskalogiannaki M. The duodenum and small intestine. In: Adam A, Dixon AK, eds. Grainger & Allison's Diagnostic Radiology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2008:chap 32.


Review Date: 2/10/2014
Reviewed By: Todd Eisner, MD, Private practice specializing in Gastroenterology, Boca Raton, FL. Affiliate Assistant Professor, Florida Atlantic University School of Medicine. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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